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Anna Gkoutzouri

My First Greek Myths [Η μικρή μου μυθολογία (Ī mikrī́ mou mythología)] (Series): The Trojan Horse [Ο Δούρειος Ίππος (O Doúreios Íppos)]

YEAR: 2019

COUNTRY: Greece

Cateogry icon

Title of the work

My First Greek Myths [Η μικρή μου μυθολογία (Ī mikrī́ mou mythología)] (Series): The Trojan Horse [Ο Δούρειος Ίππος (O Doúreios Íppos)]

Country of the First Edition

Country/countries of popularity

worldwide

Original Language

Greek

First Edition Date

2019

First Edition Details

Anna Gkoutzouri, Ο Δούρειος Ίππος [O Doúreios Íppos], Athens: Papadopoulos Publishing, 2019, 10 pp.

ISBN

9781913060046

Genre

Pop-up books

Target Audience

Children

Cover

A picture containing text, indoor Description automatically generated

Courtesy of the publisher. 


Author of the Entry:

Charlotte Farrell, University of New England, charlottefarrell@gmail.com

Peer-reviewer of the Entry:

Elizabeth Hale, University of New England, ehale@une.edu.au

Miriam Riverlea, University of New England, mriverlea@gmail.com

Female portrait

Anna Gkoutzouri (Author)

Anna Gkoutzouri is a children's book illustrator, author, designer, and architect based in Greece. She received a Bachelor degree in 2003 in Civil Engineering at the Alexander Technological Educational Institute of Thessaloniki, and a Diploma in Architecture at Aristotle University in 2009. Gkoutzouri co-founded architecture firm, aplusarchitects in 2010, and design studio, 3O1Adesign in 2017. Her background in architecture informs the pop-up elements of her books, as well as her particular interest in how paper engineering can aid and inform young readers' engagement with complex issues. In addition to the "My First Greek Myths" series, Gkoutzouri also published My First Aesop Fables with Faros Books. Both series were originally published in Greek by Papadopoulos Publishing.


Sources:

farosbooks.co.uk (accessed: April 8, 2021), 

gr.linkedin.com (accessed: April 8, 2021).


Bio prepared by Charlotte Farrell, University of New England, charlottefarrell@gmail.com


Translation

English: The Trojan Horse, Faros Books, 2021, 10 pp.

Summary

The Trojan Horse is part of the "My First Greek Myths" series of babies' board books, by Anna Gkoutzouri. The cover image depicts the Trojan Horse and contains a surprise for readers. Sliding the middle panel upwards as a small arrow directs, reveals several pairs of eyes inside the belly of the horse. Two guards also pop up in the turrets of the castle. At the same time, bars slide across on the right-hand side of the page and the beautiful Helen is revealed at her windowsill, smiling upon the scene. All of the characters are dressed in what appears to be Ancient Greek-inspired clothing. 

The story opens with young adult companions Helen and Paris smiling and fleeing in a boat. A spinning feature alternates a rainbow or sunlit sky over their heads. The page also illustrates a delightfully warm, Mediterranean scene, with cats wandering about the castle grounds, soldiers smiling, and pot plants flowering in the sun. The following page pictures numerous ships, implying the Greek fleet of Aulis gathering in preparation for the Trojan War. 

The book shows that the gods would not let the ships sail, and princess Iphigenia had to subsequently "step in." Ashore, Agamemnon and Clytemnestra farewell their daughter with a wave. Iphigenia is neatly dressed and carries a suitcase. With the pull of a small lever, however, Iphigenia disappears. Artemis takes her place, flanked with bows and an arrow, and is accompanied by a deer. 

The story then speaks of the ten long years that the war raged on. Achilles' defeat of Hector is captured by a playful spinning feature that a baby reader can touch. Achilles stands smiling, his helmet in his hand and a butterfly fluttering next to his head. He holds an upright spear, while a tumbling Hector spins up and down, falling on Achilles' weapon. 

Then, the wooden horse made by Odysseus is warmly welcomed by a guard into Troy. The reader can move a lever which reveals soldiers inside the belly of the wooden creature. The story ends before the gory battle that follows in the original myth, though Troy's defeat is referred to in the book's concluding sentence.

Analysis

Due to the level of detail that make up the events that led to the invasion of the Trojan Horse, this baby's board book selects key moments that also make for charming illustrations and interactive spinning features. All of the scenes are sunny and verdant, with numerous animals and creatures inhabiting the scenes. The topic is extremely difficult for the readership of this age group due to its violence and horror. While the book does not eclipse those aspects, it is successful in using the violent aspects to make for playful, interactive images and curious talking points. For example, the battle scene between Achilles and Hector is playfully captured and yet does not completely eclipse the violence, showing the way in which Gkoutzouri so deftly handles complex subject matter for the baby reader. 

Iphigenia's appearance in the book is among the more thought-provoking aspects. The author's presentation of her character would be disturbing to those with more knowledge of Greek mythology. In the myth, Agamemnon kills a sacred deer that enrages Artemis during preparations for the war and as a result is commanded to sacrifice his daughter so that Artemis will alter the course of winds and allow the Greek fleet to set sail to Troy. In Gkoutzouri's The Trojan Horse, the author captures this mythological detail by picturing Artemis with a deer, while also seeming to have her quite literally blow Iphigenia away with her own breath. A small puff of wind emerges from her mouth in Iphigenia's direction. The fact that Iphigenia has a suitcase packed to embark on the journey towards her sacrifice adds to the amusement for the adult reader, while sanitizing the brutality of the myth for the young reader. 

There is a toy-like appeal to the image of the wooden horse in this book. It appears similar to a child's rocking horse. In both the front cover and in the final image, a little mouse sits near the bottom of the horse, accentuating its considerable size. The horse's toy-like appeal creates a recognizable point of reference for babies, potential engaging them in one of the most famous events in Greek mythology in an accessible and playful way. Other books cast the Trojan Horse in a toy-like fashion such as Odysseus and the Wooden Horse by Savoiur Pirotta with illustrations by Jan Lewis. What distinguishes Gkoutzouri's version of the myth is its tactile, hands-on dimension, particularly through the horse's movable elements, providing an opportunity to develop children's kinesthetic learning abilities. 

Another notable aspect of the book is that the Gods - except for Athena - are excised from this retelling. While the Judgement of Paris is what originally led to the Trojan War, Gkoutzouri omits these events. This background, coupled with the other events surrounding the Trojan War, predominately concern conflict. Instead, the book is more focused on the human characters and as a result is more appropriate for the baby reader. 


Further Reading

Barbara Weinlich, The Metanarrative of Picture Books: ‘Reading’ Greek Myth for (and to) Children), [in:] Lisa Maurice ed.), The Reception of Ancient Greece and Rome in Children’s Literature: Heroes and Eagles, Leiden: Brill, 2015, 85-104 pp.

Amy Weinstein, Once Upon a Time: Illustrations from Fairytales, Fables, Primers, Pop-ups and Other Children’s Book, Princeton: Princeton Architectural Press, 2005.

Addenda

This entry is based on the English edition (2020).

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Leaf pattern
Leaf pattern

Title of the work

My First Greek Myths [Η μικρή μου μυθολογία (Ī mikrī́ mou mythología)] (Series): The Trojan Horse [Ο Δούρειος Ίππος (O Doúreios Íppos)]

Country of the First Edition

Country/countries of popularity

worldwide

Original Language

Greek

First Edition Date

2019

First Edition Details

Anna Gkoutzouri, Ο Δούρειος Ίππος [O Doúreios Íppos], Athens: Papadopoulos Publishing, 2019, 10 pp.

ISBN

9781913060046

Genre

Pop-up books

Target Audience

Children

Cover

A picture containing text, indoor Description automatically generated

Courtesy of the publisher. 


Author of the Entry:

Charlotte Farrell, University of New England, charlottefarrell@gmail.com

Peer-reviewer of the Entry:

Elizabeth Hale, University of New England, ehale@une.edu.au

Miriam Riverlea, University of New England, mriverlea@gmail.com

Female portrait

Anna Gkoutzouri (Author)

Anna Gkoutzouri is a children's book illustrator, author, designer, and architect based in Greece. She received a Bachelor degree in 2003 in Civil Engineering at the Alexander Technological Educational Institute of Thessaloniki, and a Diploma in Architecture at Aristotle University in 2009. Gkoutzouri co-founded architecture firm, aplusarchitects in 2010, and design studio, 3O1Adesign in 2017. Her background in architecture informs the pop-up elements of her books, as well as her particular interest in how paper engineering can aid and inform young readers' engagement with complex issues. In addition to the "My First Greek Myths" series, Gkoutzouri also published My First Aesop Fables with Faros Books. Both series were originally published in Greek by Papadopoulos Publishing.


Sources:

farosbooks.co.uk (accessed: April 8, 2021), 

gr.linkedin.com (accessed: April 8, 2021).


Bio prepared by Charlotte Farrell, University of New England, charlottefarrell@gmail.com


Translation

English: The Trojan Horse, Faros Books, 2021, 10 pp.

Summary

The Trojan Horse is part of the "My First Greek Myths" series of babies' board books, by Anna Gkoutzouri. The cover image depicts the Trojan Horse and contains a surprise for readers. Sliding the middle panel upwards as a small arrow directs, reveals several pairs of eyes inside the belly of the horse. Two guards also pop up in the turrets of the castle. At the same time, bars slide across on the right-hand side of the page and the beautiful Helen is revealed at her windowsill, smiling upon the scene. All of the characters are dressed in what appears to be Ancient Greek-inspired clothing. 

The story opens with young adult companions Helen and Paris smiling and fleeing in a boat. A spinning feature alternates a rainbow or sunlit sky over their heads. The page also illustrates a delightfully warm, Mediterranean scene, with cats wandering about the castle grounds, soldiers smiling, and pot plants flowering in the sun. The following page pictures numerous ships, implying the Greek fleet of Aulis gathering in preparation for the Trojan War. 

The book shows that the gods would not let the ships sail, and princess Iphigenia had to subsequently "step in." Ashore, Agamemnon and Clytemnestra farewell their daughter with a wave. Iphigenia is neatly dressed and carries a suitcase. With the pull of a small lever, however, Iphigenia disappears. Artemis takes her place, flanked with bows and an arrow, and is accompanied by a deer. 

The story then speaks of the ten long years that the war raged on. Achilles' defeat of Hector is captured by a playful spinning feature that a baby reader can touch. Achilles stands smiling, his helmet in his hand and a butterfly fluttering next to his head. He holds an upright spear, while a tumbling Hector spins up and down, falling on Achilles' weapon. 

Then, the wooden horse made by Odysseus is warmly welcomed by a guard into Troy. The reader can move a lever which reveals soldiers inside the belly of the wooden creature. The story ends before the gory battle that follows in the original myth, though Troy's defeat is referred to in the book's concluding sentence.

Analysis

Due to the level of detail that make up the events that led to the invasion of the Trojan Horse, this baby's board book selects key moments that also make for charming illustrations and interactive spinning features. All of the scenes are sunny and verdant, with numerous animals and creatures inhabiting the scenes. The topic is extremely difficult for the readership of this age group due to its violence and horror. While the book does not eclipse those aspects, it is successful in using the violent aspects to make for playful, interactive images and curious talking points. For example, the battle scene between Achilles and Hector is playfully captured and yet does not completely eclipse the violence, showing the way in which Gkoutzouri so deftly handles complex subject matter for the baby reader. 

Iphigenia's appearance in the book is among the more thought-provoking aspects. The author's presentation of her character would be disturbing to those with more knowledge of Greek mythology. In the myth, Agamemnon kills a sacred deer that enrages Artemis during preparations for the war and as a result is commanded to sacrifice his daughter so that Artemis will alter the course of winds and allow the Greek fleet to set sail to Troy. In Gkoutzouri's The Trojan Horse, the author captures this mythological detail by picturing Artemis with a deer, while also seeming to have her quite literally blow Iphigenia away with her own breath. A small puff of wind emerges from her mouth in Iphigenia's direction. The fact that Iphigenia has a suitcase packed to embark on the journey towards her sacrifice adds to the amusement for the adult reader, while sanitizing the brutality of the myth for the young reader. 

There is a toy-like appeal to the image of the wooden horse in this book. It appears similar to a child's rocking horse. In both the front cover and in the final image, a little mouse sits near the bottom of the horse, accentuating its considerable size. The horse's toy-like appeal creates a recognizable point of reference for babies, potential engaging them in one of the most famous events in Greek mythology in an accessible and playful way. Other books cast the Trojan Horse in a toy-like fashion such as Odysseus and the Wooden Horse by Savoiur Pirotta with illustrations by Jan Lewis. What distinguishes Gkoutzouri's version of the myth is its tactile, hands-on dimension, particularly through the horse's movable elements, providing an opportunity to develop children's kinesthetic learning abilities. 

Another notable aspect of the book is that the Gods - except for Athena - are excised from this retelling. While the Judgement of Paris is what originally led to the Trojan War, Gkoutzouri omits these events. This background, coupled with the other events surrounding the Trojan War, predominately concern conflict. Instead, the book is more focused on the human characters and as a result is more appropriate for the baby reader. 


Further Reading

Barbara Weinlich, The Metanarrative of Picture Books: ‘Reading’ Greek Myth for (and to) Children), [in:] Lisa Maurice ed.), The Reception of Ancient Greece and Rome in Children’s Literature: Heroes and Eagles, Leiden: Brill, 2015, 85-104 pp.

Amy Weinstein, Once Upon a Time: Illustrations from Fairytales, Fables, Primers, Pop-ups and Other Children’s Book, Princeton: Princeton Architectural Press, 2005.

Addenda

This entry is based on the English edition (2020).

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