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Boris Buevsky , Volodymyr Dakhno , Eduard Kirych

How Cossacks Became Olympians [Как казаки олимпийцами стали]

YEAR: 1978

COUNTRY: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)

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Title of the work

How Cossacks Became Olympians [Как казаки олимпийцами стали]

Studio / Production Company

Kievnauchfilm

Country of the First Edition

Original Language

Ukrainian / Russian

First Edition Date

1978

First Edition Details

Как казаки олимпийцами стали [How Cossacks Became Olympians]. Directed by Volodymyr Dakhno, written by Volodymyr Dakhno and Eduard Kirych. Composer Boris Buevsky. Kyiv: Kievnauchfilm, 1978. 

Running time

17 min 35 sec

Date of the First DVD or VHS

The series of animations about the Cossacks has been released by the Film Video Association “Krupny plan” (Close up) in 2010.

Awards

International festival of sports movies in Leningrad, 1979 – bronze medal

Genre

Animated films
Hand-drawn animation (traditional animation)*
Humor
Short films

Target Audience

Children (6+)

Cover

The DVD cover courtesy of Film Video Association “Krupny plan” (Close-up) close-up.ru (accessed: February 4, 2019).


Author of the Entry:

Hanna Paulouskaya, University of Warsaw, hannapa@al.uw.edu.pl 

Peer-reviewer of the Entry:

Dorota Mackenzie, University of Warsaw, dorota.mackenzie@gmail.com

Elizabeth Hale, University of New England, ehale@une.edu.au 

Elżbieta Olechowska, University of Warsaw, elzbieta.olechowska@gmail.com 

Male portrait

Boris Buevsky , b. 1935
(Composer)

Buevsky Boris (Буєвський Борис; Буевский Борис)  a Ukrainian composer of classical and popular music, author of music for ballets and cinema. His popular music was especially popular in 1960s and 1970s in the USSR. From 1993 he lives in Belgium.


Bio prepared by  Hanna Paulouskaya, University of Warsaw, hannapa@al.uw.edu.pl 


The portrait of Volodymyr Dakhno courtesy of kino-teatr.ru database.  

Volodymyr Dakhno , 1932 - 2006
(Animator, Director)

Dakhno Volodymyr (Дахно Володимир; Дахно Владимир; Dakhno Vladimir) – a famous Ukrainian animator, director, People’s Artist of Ukraine.

Volodymyr Dakhno studied architecture (1955) and came to animation in 1960s in collaboration with another architect, Mark Draitsun (also an animator of the “Cossack” series). 

The most famous of his animations are movies from the series “Cossacks”, which became a trademark of the Ukrainian animation studio “Kyivnauchfilm”.


Bio prepared by Hanna Paulouskaya, University of Warsaw, hannapa@al.uw.edu.pl


Male portrait

Eduard Kirych , b. 1942
(Animator, Screenwriter)

Kirych Eduard (Кірич Едуард; Кирич Эдуард; Kirich Eduard) – a Ukrainian animator and a screen-writer. He was honoured with the title of a National artist of Ukraine (2004). He collaborated with Volodymyr Dakhno on the “Cossack” Series. 


Bio prepred by Hanna Paulouskaya, University of Warsaw, hannapa@al.uw.edu.pl


Summary

The movie is the fifth in a series about the Cossacks produced by Volodymyr Dakhno between 1967 and 1995. The main heroes of the series are three Cossacks – Grai, the smartest and the tallest; Oko, the smallest one, but brave and a good shot (oko means “eye” in Ukrainian); Tur, the biggest and strongest, who is shy and sentimental (tur means “aurochs” in Ukrainian). 

The movie starts with a scene when the Cossacks are preparing kasha (a traditional Slavic cereal omnipresent in fairy tales) in a huge pot sitting on the top of a mountain.

Meanwhile old Zeus is sleeping in his mansion on mount Olympus. He is disturbed by a loud noise from Earth. We see that the noise is produced by wars initiated by Mars.

Zeus, trying to restore silence and to stop the war, switches off the light in his mansion (and the night starts), he turns on the shower in his bathroom making rain and a flood on Earth, he pulls out the plug and drains the seas, but the war continues despite his efforts. (And the Cossacks eat the kasha despite the circumstances). 

Then, smoking a pipe and looking at rings of smoke, Zeus decides to organize the Olympic Games (shouting “Eureka!”). The Cossacks see the rings and set out for Olympia. 

Zeus builds a stadium with a football field inside and invites everybody to the games: Ласкаво просимо (Welcome). Warriors throw away their armour, undress and run towards the stadium. The Cossacks train preparing for the games. 

But Mars intervenes another time and starts besieging the stadium. 

Zeus, full of anger, calls Hades on the phone and asks him to lock up Mars in a far away cell. Two Cyclops bring Mars to the underworld, and he is put behind bars. However Hades hangs the key close to the cell and Mars asks Sisyphus, who rolls his stone in vain, to open the cell. Sisyphus helps Mars and is closed in the cell himself. Both are happy – Sisyphus can rest, Mars can go back to Earth. 

Meanwhile the Olympics are about to begin, and the Cossacks go to Olympia to participate in them. They meet Mars, when he comes out through a manhole. 

The Olympics start and teams from different cities are presented in the stadium. Zeus is watching through a telescope. We see teams of Attica, Sparta and Troy. 

Mars has new plans to disturb the Olympics and the Cossacks try to stop him. They fence (Grai), wrestle (Tur), throw discus (Tur). The Cossacks win every time. Mars escapes in the river rowing on a log, and the Cossacks pursue him swimming and rowing. Mars leaves his helmet and tries to escape into the mountains. The Cossacks use the helmet as a sledge and run to Olympia after the god.  

They meet him in an entrance of a temple in Olympia, and a boxing match begins between Oko and Mars. Zeus and the public come to see the competition. Oko wins. 

At that moment Hades and the Cyclops come and take Mars to the underworld. The Cossacks receive three laurel garlands from Zeus. 

Analysis

This was the first Soviet animated movie dedicated to the Olympics of 1980.* The movie uses the most popular topic in the USSR in the context of the Olympics – peace and war. The Olympics are established in order to bring peace, and the quarrelsome Mars tries to disturb them. The Cossacks are the heroes who stop Mars and allow the Games to go on. They do it not by fight, but by competing in sporting manner. 

Choosing the Cossacks as characters is important. The first reason was that the Cossacks series was already famous in the USSR. Another important reason was the Ukrainian tradition of connections between the Cossacks and antiquity. There was a poem written by Ivan Kotliarevsky in 1798-1842 that was a burlesque interpretation of Virgil’s Aeneid. It was written in Ukrainian and was extremely popular in Russia and Ukraine and became a classical text of Ukrainian literature. According to Kotliarevsky, Aeneas is a Cossack and all his adventures are presented in a satiric, parodic way. There was also an animation produced in 1969 by Nino Vasilenko based on this poem (Приключения казака Энея [Adventures of Aeneas the Cossack]). So Volodymyr Dakhno follows a tradition recognizable by the audience.

The movie is very simple and entertaining, and it has no didactic character. 

However it is based on an assumed knowledge of the Greek mythology – for example, Sisyphus or Cyclops are introduced in the movie without an explanation.

The movie is silent, only subtitles are added in Ukrainian, however the title of the movie and titles are in Russian. The Cyrillic letters are stylized on the Greek alphabet to underline the character of the topic.

Though all the events are happening in Ancient Greece, the world of Zeus is very contemporary – there is a telephone, a lift or a sewage system. 

* Borodin, Georgy. “Олимпиада как мультфильм” [Olympics as an Animation]. Сеанс [Seans] 55-57 (2014), online resource http://seance.ru/blog/chtenie/olympics_animation/ (accessed on February 01, 2018) .


Further Reading

Borodin, Georgy, “Олимпиада как мультфильм” [Olympics as an Animation], Сеанс [Seans] 55-57 (2014), online resource http://seance.ru/blog/chtenie/olympics_animation/ (accessed February 01, 2018).


Paulouskaya, Hanna, “Vergil travestied into Ukrainian and Belarusian,” in The Afterlife of Virgil, Peter Mack and John North, eds., Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies, Supplement, 136. London: Institute of Classical Studies, 2017, 101-122.

Pushkina, Maria, "Entry on: Aeneid. Travestied Inside Out into Little Russian language by I. Kotliarevsky [Енеида. На малороссійскій языкъ перелиціованная И. Котляревскимъ] by Ivan Kotliarevsky," peer-reviewed by Elżbieta Olechowska and Susan Deacy, in Our Mythical Childhood Survey. Warsaw: University of Warsaw, 2018. Link: http://omc.obta.al.uw.edu.pl/myth-survey/item/513.

Addenda

The Remaining Production Credits

Art director – Ivan Mazepa

Animators – Adolf Pedan, Efrem Pruzhansky, Nina Churilova and others

Sound director – Igor Pogon

Camera man – Anatoly Gavrilov

Composer – Boris Buevsky

Information about the film in movie databases:

www.kinopoisk.ru/film/kak-kazaki-olimpiycami-stali-1978-260253/

www.imdb.com/title/tt5524300/?ref_=nm_flmg_dr_9

kino-teatr.ru/mult/movie/post/123034/annot/s28356/

animator.ru/db/?p=show_film&fid=3578

Yellow cloud
Leaf pattern
Leaf pattern

Title of the work

How Cossacks Became Olympians [Как казаки олимпийцами стали]

Studio / Production Company

Kievnauchfilm

Country of the First Edition

Original Language

Ukrainian / Russian

First Edition Date

1978

First Edition Details

Как казаки олимпийцами стали [How Cossacks Became Olympians]. Directed by Volodymyr Dakhno, written by Volodymyr Dakhno and Eduard Kirych. Composer Boris Buevsky. Kyiv: Kievnauchfilm, 1978. 

Running time

17 min 35 sec

Date of the First DVD or VHS

The series of animations about the Cossacks has been released by the Film Video Association “Krupny plan” (Close up) in 2010.

Awards

International festival of sports movies in Leningrad, 1979 – bronze medal

Genre

Animated films
Hand-drawn animation (traditional animation)*
Humor
Short films

Target Audience

Children (6+)

Cover

The DVD cover courtesy of Film Video Association “Krupny plan” (Close-up) close-up.ru (accessed: February 4, 2019).


Author of the Entry:

Hanna Paulouskaya, University of Warsaw, hannapa@al.uw.edu.pl 

Peer-reviewer of the Entry:

Dorota Mackenzie, University of Warsaw, dorota.mackenzie@gmail.com

Elizabeth Hale, University of New England, ehale@une.edu.au 

Elżbieta Olechowska, University of Warsaw, elzbieta.olechowska@gmail.com 

Male portrait

Boris Buevsky (Composer)

Buevsky Boris (Буєвський Борис; Буевский Борис)  a Ukrainian composer of classical and popular music, author of music for ballets and cinema. His popular music was especially popular in 1960s and 1970s in the USSR. From 1993 he lives in Belgium.


Bio prepared by  Hanna Paulouskaya, University of Warsaw, hannapa@al.uw.edu.pl 


The portrait of Volodymyr Dakhno courtesy of kino-teatr.ru database.  

Volodymyr Dakhno (Animator, Director)

Dakhno Volodymyr (Дахно Володимир; Дахно Владимир; Dakhno Vladimir) – a famous Ukrainian animator, director, People’s Artist of Ukraine.

Volodymyr Dakhno studied architecture (1955) and came to animation in 1960s in collaboration with another architect, Mark Draitsun (also an animator of the “Cossack” series). 

The most famous of his animations are movies from the series “Cossacks”, which became a trademark of the Ukrainian animation studio “Kyivnauchfilm”.


Bio prepared by Hanna Paulouskaya, University of Warsaw, hannapa@al.uw.edu.pl


Male portrait

Eduard Kirych (Animator, Screenwriter)

Kirych Eduard (Кірич Едуард; Кирич Эдуард; Kirich Eduard) – a Ukrainian animator and a screen-writer. He was honoured with the title of a National artist of Ukraine (2004). He collaborated with Volodymyr Dakhno on the “Cossack” Series. 


Bio prepred by Hanna Paulouskaya, University of Warsaw, hannapa@al.uw.edu.pl


Summary

The movie is the fifth in a series about the Cossacks produced by Volodymyr Dakhno between 1967 and 1995. The main heroes of the series are three Cossacks – Grai, the smartest and the tallest; Oko, the smallest one, but brave and a good shot (oko means “eye” in Ukrainian); Tur, the biggest and strongest, who is shy and sentimental (tur means “aurochs” in Ukrainian). 

The movie starts with a scene when the Cossacks are preparing kasha (a traditional Slavic cereal omnipresent in fairy tales) in a huge pot sitting on the top of a mountain.

Meanwhile old Zeus is sleeping in his mansion on mount Olympus. He is disturbed by a loud noise from Earth. We see that the noise is produced by wars initiated by Mars.

Zeus, trying to restore silence and to stop the war, switches off the light in his mansion (and the night starts), he turns on the shower in his bathroom making rain and a flood on Earth, he pulls out the plug and drains the seas, but the war continues despite his efforts. (And the Cossacks eat the kasha despite the circumstances). 

Then, smoking a pipe and looking at rings of smoke, Zeus decides to organize the Olympic Games (shouting “Eureka!”). The Cossacks see the rings and set out for Olympia. 

Zeus builds a stadium with a football field inside and invites everybody to the games: Ласкаво просимо (Welcome). Warriors throw away their armour, undress and run towards the stadium. The Cossacks train preparing for the games. 

But Mars intervenes another time and starts besieging the stadium. 

Zeus, full of anger, calls Hades on the phone and asks him to lock up Mars in a far away cell. Two Cyclops bring Mars to the underworld, and he is put behind bars. However Hades hangs the key close to the cell and Mars asks Sisyphus, who rolls his stone in vain, to open the cell. Sisyphus helps Mars and is closed in the cell himself. Both are happy – Sisyphus can rest, Mars can go back to Earth. 

Meanwhile the Olympics are about to begin, and the Cossacks go to Olympia to participate in them. They meet Mars, when he comes out through a manhole. 

The Olympics start and teams from different cities are presented in the stadium. Zeus is watching through a telescope. We see teams of Attica, Sparta and Troy. 

Mars has new plans to disturb the Olympics and the Cossacks try to stop him. They fence (Grai), wrestle (Tur), throw discus (Tur). The Cossacks win every time. Mars escapes in the river rowing on a log, and the Cossacks pursue him swimming and rowing. Mars leaves his helmet and tries to escape into the mountains. The Cossacks use the helmet as a sledge and run to Olympia after the god.  

They meet him in an entrance of a temple in Olympia, and a boxing match begins between Oko and Mars. Zeus and the public come to see the competition. Oko wins. 

At that moment Hades and the Cyclops come and take Mars to the underworld. The Cossacks receive three laurel garlands from Zeus. 

Analysis

This was the first Soviet animated movie dedicated to the Olympics of 1980.* The movie uses the most popular topic in the USSR in the context of the Olympics – peace and war. The Olympics are established in order to bring peace, and the quarrelsome Mars tries to disturb them. The Cossacks are the heroes who stop Mars and allow the Games to go on. They do it not by fight, but by competing in sporting manner. 

Choosing the Cossacks as characters is important. The first reason was that the Cossacks series was already famous in the USSR. Another important reason was the Ukrainian tradition of connections between the Cossacks and antiquity. There was a poem written by Ivan Kotliarevsky in 1798-1842 that was a burlesque interpretation of Virgil’s Aeneid. It was written in Ukrainian and was extremely popular in Russia and Ukraine and became a classical text of Ukrainian literature. According to Kotliarevsky, Aeneas is a Cossack and all his adventures are presented in a satiric, parodic way. There was also an animation produced in 1969 by Nino Vasilenko based on this poem (Приключения казака Энея [Adventures of Aeneas the Cossack]). So Volodymyr Dakhno follows a tradition recognizable by the audience.

The movie is very simple and entertaining, and it has no didactic character. 

However it is based on an assumed knowledge of the Greek mythology – for example, Sisyphus or Cyclops are introduced in the movie without an explanation.

The movie is silent, only subtitles are added in Ukrainian, however the title of the movie and titles are in Russian. The Cyrillic letters are stylized on the Greek alphabet to underline the character of the topic.

Though all the events are happening in Ancient Greece, the world of Zeus is very contemporary – there is a telephone, a lift or a sewage system. 

* Borodin, Georgy. “Олимпиада как мультфильм” [Olympics as an Animation]. Сеанс [Seans] 55-57 (2014), online resource http://seance.ru/blog/chtenie/olympics_animation/ (accessed on February 01, 2018) .


Further Reading

Borodin, Georgy, “Олимпиада как мультфильм” [Olympics as an Animation], Сеанс [Seans] 55-57 (2014), online resource http://seance.ru/blog/chtenie/olympics_animation/ (accessed February 01, 2018).


Paulouskaya, Hanna, “Vergil travestied into Ukrainian and Belarusian,” in The Afterlife of Virgil, Peter Mack and John North, eds., Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies, Supplement, 136. London: Institute of Classical Studies, 2017, 101-122.

Pushkina, Maria, "Entry on: Aeneid. Travestied Inside Out into Little Russian language by I. Kotliarevsky [Енеида. На малороссійскій языкъ перелиціованная И. Котляревскимъ] by Ivan Kotliarevsky," peer-reviewed by Elżbieta Olechowska and Susan Deacy, in Our Mythical Childhood Survey. Warsaw: University of Warsaw, 2018. Link: http://omc.obta.al.uw.edu.pl/myth-survey/item/513.

Addenda

The Remaining Production Credits

Art director – Ivan Mazepa

Animators – Adolf Pedan, Efrem Pruzhansky, Nina Churilova and others

Sound director – Igor Pogon

Camera man – Anatoly Gavrilov

Composer – Boris Buevsky

Information about the film in movie databases:

www.kinopoisk.ru/film/kak-kazaki-olimpiycami-stali-1978-260253/

www.imdb.com/title/tt5524300/?ref_=nm_flmg_dr_9

kino-teatr.ru/mult/movie/post/123034/annot/s28356/

animator.ru/db/?p=show_film&fid=3578

Yellow cloud